Theft & Fraud Offenses


Theft and Fraud are crimes of dishonesty. Having a conviction of Theft or Fraud on your record can immediately deem a person as untrustworthy. Theft is generally known as the act of taking or using the property or services of another. The offense of robbery is a variation of theft offense that involves taking another's property by force or threat of force. Fraud, which can often fall under the category of forgery, is typically defined as deceiving another person to bring them financial harm

What constitutes a Theft or Fraud Offense?

Theft and Fraud offenses under Ohio law include:

  • Theft (taking someone's property or services without consent)

  • Unauthorized use of a motor vehicle

  • Unauthorized use of property

  • Receiving stolen property

  • Identity Fraud

  • Impersonating a police officer and displaying law enforcement emblems

  • Workers compensation fraud

  • Insurance fraud

  • Medicaid fraud

  • Embezzlement

  • Taking money from an employer

  • Passing bad checks

  • Misusing credit cards

  • Unauthorized possession or selling of wire, radio, satellite, or telecommunication devices


The severity of a Theft or Fraud offense depends both on the valued price of the goods that are stolen and the "class" of the victim who is stolen from. For example, if the victim is disabled, elderly, or in active duty service, the offense immediately becomes one degree higher. There are a multitude of different Theft and Fraud offenses not listed here, and it is important to immediately seek legal advice if you are facing any of these types of charges.

Theft and Fraud possible penalties:

  • F1 (felony of the first degree)

  • F2 (felony of the second degree)

  • F3 (felony of the third degree)

  • F4 (felony of the fourth degree)

  • F5 (felony of the fifth degree)

  • M1 (misdemeanor of the first degree)


Have you been charged with a theft or fraud offense? Contact The Stavroff Law Firm today to learn about your rights and begin building your defense.